The Health Advisory Service Newsletter Vol 1 #2 April-May 2000
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the relationship between metabolism and body weight
What is Metabolism and Metabolic Rate?
Metabolism refers to the processes, which break food down into utilisable energy.
Metabolism occurs in every cell of the body, every minute of the day. Each cell produces its own energy by breaking down food (eg. glucose) into energy packages called ATP, which is utilisable cellular energy.
The rate at which cellular energy is produced from food is known as the metabolic rate. A high metabolic rate efficiently converts food into cellular energy quickly, and weight remains constant. In people with a high metabolic rate it is often difficult to gain weight. Conversely, a low metabolic rate inefficiently converts food into cellular energy, and weight problems are much more likely to arise. Much of the food is converted into fat, rather than cellular energy (ATP). The fat is deposited in adipose tissue in particular sites of the body, depending on the Body Shape of the person, which will be discussed later.
The Metabolic rate is largely controlled by the Liver & Thyroid Gland
The liver is the major calorie-burning organ in the body and regulates fat metabolism in a sophisticated way. When operating efficiently, the liver burns body fat and provides an exit route for fat from the body, via the bile. Excess fat can leave the body via the bile, which flows into the small intestine, and ultimately into the faeces.
With the many modern day challenges the liver faces, it may not operate efficiently, and fat may accumulate, leading to a "fatty liver" condition. This is characterised by extra fat around the waistline. This extra fat, or extra tyre around the waistline, will be familiar to many people.
A fatty liver often accompanies cellulite. It is important to improve the liver function so that it is working optimally, for cellulite reversal and easy weight control.
The Thyroid gland produces the hormone (messenger) called thryoxine, or T4. Thyroxine is converted to triiodothyronine or T3 inside cells, and this is the most active form of the hormone. Triiodothyronine (T3) exerts its effects inside cells, at the mitochondrial level. The mitochondria are the 'energy factories' of the cell, which respond to T3 by increasing the rate at which food is converted into energy. As T3 increases the rate of energy production, or rate of metabolism, it is important to maintain an optimally functioning thyroid gland. A healthy thyroid gland accelerates the metabolic rate and improves weight control, whereas a sluggish thyroid gland is associated with easy weight gain, a tendency to puffy cellulite, fluid retention, and dryness of the skin and hair. The conversion of T4 to T3 can slow as we age, but the very best way to gain a sluggish thyroid is by eating a diet deficient in micronutrients. The best way to improve thyroid function is by consuming a diet rich in micronutrients. Selenium is an important micronutrient to help the conversion of T4 to T3. A slow conversion of T4 to T3 is known as 'thyroid resistance' and can lead to easy weight gain. It is wise to have The thyroid gland your level of T4 & T3 hormones checked with a blood test from your local doctor, and a nutritionist can check your selenium level.
Cellulite is an unsightly and undesirable problem for many people. It is a build up of lumpy, irregular fat deposits with an 'orange peel' appearance due to dimpling of the overlying skin. Cellulite is not always associated with obesity, but it may be. It has a higher incidence amongst women than men, and is more common in Western societies than in the East. Doesn't this make us wonder what contributing factors may be leading to cellulite?
Commonly cellulite is found around the buttocks, hips and thighs. Women often feel it detracts from their feminine figure and it often leads to poor self-image problems. However it can be gradually eliminated by easy and proven techniques to improve metabolism and detoxification. The key to eliminating cellulite forever, is the restoration of a healthy metabolism, even in cellulite cells, which have been found to have a low metabolic rate. The efficient functioning of the liver promotes both calorie burning and detoxification.
Factors which Promote Cellulite
The fats to avoid are:
Foods containing good fats are:
Note that eggs in moderation are safe, so eat approximately 4-6 eggs per week. Eggs contain sulphur bearing amino acids plus lecithin, which help the liver to detoxify and burn fat. Cholesterol is found in eggs but this does not increase the cholesterol level in the body provided the eggs are boiled or poached and not fried.
Natural supplements to Help Metabolism
Specific natural substances can stimulate metabolism to produce energy rather than adipose deposits. They promote fat burning and reduce cellulite.
A Improve Liver Function
An optimally functioning liver will burn fat and excrete fat & toxins out of the body via the bile. Fat soluble toxins contribute to cellulite formation. To rejuvenate the liver, liver tonic powders or capsules containing a combination of B-group vitamins, anti-oxidants, green tea, zinc, lecithin, cruciferous vegetable powder, and the amino acids taurine, cysteine, glutamine, and glycine, plus the powerful liver herb called St.Mary's Thistle are vital. Eat a raw salad every day dressed with cold pressed flaxseed or olive oil, apple cider vinegar and herbs to help provide essential oils. Sip eight glasses of purified water everyday and if funds permit, juice organic carrots and greens for the most energising drink in the world.
B Improve Thyroid Function
The thyroid gland has a high requirement for micronutrients such as iodine, which with the aid of zinc, manganese and selenium help to produce T4 and T3. What are the food sources of iodine? If your diet consists of seafood, kelp and seaweed products, it is likely that your supply is sufficient. Iodised salt may contribute to fluid retention.
The best sources of iodine are kelp and seaweed products. Add Nori flakes to soup and stews and drink kelp tea or take kelp tablets. Selenium Designer Yeast Powder contains kelp. People with cellulite have a tremendous need for micronutrients, so do eat legumes, whole grains, nuts and seeds to provide much needed zinc, manganese and selenium.
C Stimulate Your Fat Cells to Burn Fat
Natural substances can help to burn fat safely without the side effects commonly encountered with drug medications. Effective weight loss supplements should contain:
Actions: Natural substances for the elimination of cellulite and weight control must:-
Tyrosine is an amino acid, which is the precursor to the thyroid hormones T4 and T3 and the hormone adrenaline. Tyrosine promotes thyroid gland function and metabolism, which facilitates weight loss.
Kelp is a seaweed or sea herb, which is an excellent source of micronutrients, especially organic iodine for thyroid hormones. Organic iodine does not cause the allergic problems that inorganic iodine may cause, and is beneficial for glandular health, especially the thyroid, pituitary and adrenal glands.